Wood Sanding

The different methods and techniques of wood sanding.

There are two common methods:

  1. Sand by hand
  2. Sand using a power sander

Tools for wood sanding by hand
For wood sanding by hand DIY job, you will need medium- and fine-grade sandpaper, a cork sanding block, some clean cloth and white spirit, and a portable workbench.

Steps for sanding wood by hand

  1. To sand cut ends, cut a strip of medium-grade sandpaper and wrap it round to the sanding block.
  2. Keep the sanding block flat on the wood in order to avoid rounding off the corner.
  3. Change to fine sandpaper and repeat to finish the job.
  4. Take note that you can also use fine sandpaper and the sanding block to give planed surfaces a final smoothing.
  5. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove dust once you have finished the sanding job.
  6. Wipe the sanded surface with a pad of clean cloth moistened with a little white spirit to remove all the sanding dust.

Sanding block

Using a power sander as a tool for wood sanding
In this case, you will need a power sander with a supply of sanding discs, a clean cloth and white spirit, and a workbench.

Steps for sanding wood with a power sander

  1. Keep the soleplate flat as you sand cut ends.
  2. When smoothing planed surfaces, move the sander along the wood in the direction of the grain.

Power sander Power sander